Christophe, Henry

(1767-1820)
   king of northern Haiti
   Born a slave on the island of Grenada, Henry Christophe at first served in the French army and then became one of the principal insurgent generals during the Haitian war of liberation. After the death of jean-jacques dessalines, he became his successor (1807) and established a dictatorship, proclaiming himself king (1811). His kingdom, which constituted the north of the country, tried to control the Republic led by Alexandre in the south, without success. Christophe died in his magnificent palace of Sans-Souci which he built not far from Cap-Haïtien. His kingdom did not survive him. His life inspired La Tragédie du roi Christophe (1963) by aimé césaire.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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